Front Squat Alternatives

12 Front Squat Alternatives To Develop Lower Body Strength

Front Squats are one of the best exercises for building strength. Front squats are a variation of the traditional back squat exercise. They’re not only great for developing strong legs, but they’ll also help develop a strong back and a strong core.

However, as effective as I believe the Front Squat to be I also understand that there are situations where you might need an alternative.

Maybe you don’t have the necessary equipment or maybe you don’t feel comfortable with your Front Squat technique.

Whatever the reason, if you’ve come here looking for Front Squat alternatives, then you’re in the right place. I’m about to share with you 10 of my favorite exercises to substitute for Front Squats.

Front Squat Alternatives

I’ve tried to include as much variety in this list of alternatives as possible. There are exercises that incorporate different pieces of equipment – barbells, dumbbells and even one that doesn’t require any equipment at all. There are also beginner-friendly exercises and others better suited for more advanced lifters.

Finally, there are traditional exercises as well as a couple that are a little more ‘outside the box’.

Hopefully, at least one of these Front Squat alternatives will be a good fit for what you’re looking for.


Back Squat


Man Back Squatting 315 Pounds

This is probably the most obvious answer, but I can’t do a list of Front Squat alternatives without including Back Squat. Bottom line, Back Squat is, in my opinion, the single best lift you can do to develop strength.

If you’re able to do them, Back Squats should be a staple in your strength training program.

Equipment Needed

  • Squat Rack
  • Barbell

How To

Setup

  • In setting up for the back squat, athletes choose between the high bar and low bar position. (I recommend high bar)
  • In the high bar position, the barbell rests on the athlete’s trapezius (traps). When squatting high bar, the athlete adopts a relatively upright torso position in order to keep the bar over the mid-foot.
  • Regardless of bar placement, the athlete should actively pull their shoulders together and back in order to create a shelf for the barbell to rest on. This is also to generate as much upper body tension as possible in order to maintain a consistent torso position for the duration of the lift.
  • A good cue here is to have the athlete pin their elbows down by their sides, similar to the bottom position of a Lat pulldown, before placing the bar on their shoulders.
  • Generally speaking, the athlete should place their hands as close together as comfortably possible, which helps maintain the aforementioned upper body tightness and shelf for the barbell to rest on.
  • Certain athletes will experience pain in either their shoulders, elbows, or wrists when setting up for the back squat. Most athletes can work through these issues and squat comfortably by adopting different combinations of the following variables: bar position (high bar and low bar), hand width (wider/more narrow), or adopting a grip with their thumbs over or under the bar.
  • After setting up properly, the athlete un-racks the bar and walks it out of the uprights, takes a big breath in, braces their core, and initiates the eccentric portion of their squat.

Eccentric (Squatting Down)

  • While maintaining a tight brace in their core and tension in their upper back (as mentioned in the setup paragraph), the athlete initiates downward motion of the bar via simultaneous hip and knee flexion until the crease of their hip goes below the knee.
  • The especially important part of the range of motion is taking the muscle to its full eccentric length, demonstrating that athletes further benefit by taking their squats to the deepest depth that their mobility allows. Once the athlete reaches their lowest position in the squat, they transition from the eccentric to the concentric portion.

Concentric (Driving Up)

  • The concentric portion of the squat involves the athlete rising out of the hole via a combination of knee and hip extension.
  • In rising out of the hole, athletes commonly experience sticking points either in the hole or when they are just above parallel. These can vary based on each athlete’s relative strengths and weaknesses, or some technical errors to be addressed later.
  • Once the athlete completes the rep, they exhale, and either initiate the next rep or re-rack the bar.

Coaching Points

Heels coming off the ground is a common technical error at the bottom of the Back Squat, where the bar comes forward of the athlete’s center of mass and forces them to lift their heels off the ground.

Two common fixes for this are to have the athlete sit back into the squat to keep their balance over their mid-foot, and to have the athlete actively pull the bar down into their back using their lats.

Athletes who are still having trouble due to poor ankle dorsiflexion, long femur length relative to their height, or a combination of both, can use a device to elevate their feet such as weightlifting squat shoes, an angled plate, or 2.5lb weights to help address the issue.


Leg Press


Leg Press

I’m generally not a big fan of the Leg Press, just because I think there are so many better options to choose from. However, the Leg Press does have its place in the weight room and one of its uses can be as a Front Squat alternative.

If you’re not able to do traditional squats because of a limitation (injury for example) then the Leg Press can have value as a way to develop lower body strength.

Equipment Needed

  • Leg Press Machine

How To / Coaching Points

Instructions on how to do Leg Presses are going to be extremely dependent on the machine itself. All Leg Press machines do not function in the same way. It’s actually quite the opposite. I would guess there are at least a dozen different designs that all work differently.

With that being said, instead of specific instructions, I’m going to give you some somewhat universal tips when it comes to Leg Press.

  • If using a Leg Press Machine you’re unfamiliar with, always start with no weight on the machine.
  • Make sure you know how to unrack and rack the safeties as well as do a full rep before adding weight to the machine.
  • Go up in weight slowly. No need to make a big jump and get yourself pinned and potentially hurt.
  • Do NOT overextend your knees. Learn how to fully extend your legs without locking out your knees.

Benefits

The main benefit of a Leg Press is that you can build leg strength without having to load weight on your back (axial load). This is extremely benefit for anyone who may have back issues that prevent them from being able to Back Squat or even Front Squat.

Leg Press can also be beneficial for beginner lifters who are not yet comfortable with their Back Squat technique. I would rather a beginner Leg Press safely rather than Back Squat with improper form.


Zercher Squat


Zercher Squat

Zercher Squat is a unique squat variation that front-loads the weight just like a Front Squat. Zercher Squats are a staple in many powerlifting programs not just for their ability to develop leg strength, but also for both lower and upper back strength.

Equipment Needed

  • Barbell
  • Squat Rack

Step-by-Step Instructions

  • Place the bar on the squat rack just above waist height.
  • Slide the forearms under the bar, placing the bar right at the crease of the elbow. You can grab your opposite wrist, clasp your hands or keep them side-by-side, whichever you find more comfortable.
  • After setting up properly, the athlete un-racks the bar and walks it out of the uprights, takes a big breath in, braces their core, and initiates the eccentric portion of their squat.
  • While maintaining a tight brace in their core and tension in their upper back, the athlete initiates downward motion of the bar via simultaneous hip and knee flexion until the crease of their hip goes below the knee.
  • The concentric portion of the squat involves the athlete rising out of the hole via a combination of knee and hip extension.
  • Once the athlete completes the rep, they exhale, and either initiate the next rep or re-rack the bar.

Coaching Points

If it’s your first time doing Zercher Squats, you’ll quickly realize just how uncomfortable having a barbell laying across your forearms can be. And, it only gets worse the heavier you get. Use a towel or pad if need be to cushion the bar against your arms.

It cannot be understated how important it is to keep the core braced while doing Zercher Squats.


Trap Bar Deadlift


Trap Bar Deadlift Setup

Trap Bar Deadlift isn’t a squat but is an excellent movement for building lower body strength. 

Equipment Needed

  • Trap Bar (also known as a hex bar)
  • Plates (Preferably bumper plates, but iron plates can also be used if necessary.)

Step-by-Step Instructions

Setup

  • Step inside the trap bar.
  • Place feet roughly shoulder-width apart.
  • Slightly turn their feet outward (engaging the glutes).
  • Take a deep breath to brace the abdominal muscles.
  • Hinge at the waist and bend at the knee simultaneously until you’re able to grab the bar handles.
  • As you pull yourself down into the setup position, maintain a neutral head posture, with eyes fixed on something about 1-2 feet in front of you.
  • In the final setup position, pull the chest up, and shoulder blades back, while still maintaining a brace in the abdominal muscles and get ready to lift.

Lift

  • Start by pulling the “slack” out of the bar. This is where the lifter needs to create tension by slightly pulling into the bar and pushing their feet into the floor before maximal contraction/attempts.
  • Once this tension is created, the lifter drives their feet through the floor, drives the hips forward, keeping tension in the abdomen and upper back (DO NOT ROUND YOUR BACK), maintaining the hand position over the midfoot, the lifter stands tall with the barbell, and locks the repetition in.
  • It is important that each repetition is locked in and controlled at the top of the movement.
  • After locking in the repetition for about 1 second, the lifter is ready to lower the weight. Take in a big breath, maintaining a braced core and shoulder blades pulled together. The hips will push back and the knees will bend simultaneously.
  • The weight should be maintained in a position over the midfoot. The athlete will continue to lower the barbell until the weights rest on the floor and prepare for the next repetition.

Coaching Points

Easily the most common mistake for Trap Bar Deadlifts is allowing the back to round, placing unnecessary stress on the back. Keep the back flat throughout the movement and the core braced.

Do not bounce the bar off the floor between reps. Yes, bouncing the plates off the floor into the next rep may make the lift easier to do, but it’s also a good way to allow your technique to break down. Reset for each rep.

Unlike barbells which have a standard weight, hex bars weight can vary from one bar to the next. Keep this in mind if using set weights off of your training program.


Single Leg Squat Off Box


Single Leg Squats off a box is a Front Squat alternative that barely requires any equipment at all. Don’t underestimate this bodyweight movement though – they’re incredibly challenging and are a great isolateral movement.

Equipment Needed

  • An extremely stable box or bench
  • A partner who will hold down the side of the box if needed as a counterweight.

Step-by-Step Instructions

  • Stand tall with one leg down and the other straight drifting off the side of the box.
  • Initiate the squat by hinging at the waist and bending at the knee simultaneously.
  • Descend until the hip crease is just below the knee.
  • Keep the heel flat and center of mass over the mid-foot.
  • Keep the torso as vertical as possible. Sometimes holding the arms straight out from here will help with balance and torso positioning.
  • Once you reach depth, drive through the heel, keeping the foot flat, and stand tall.

Coaching Points

Single Leg Squat Off a Box is by far one of the most difficult variations of single-leg training. A proper progression needs to be followed in order to prepare the athlete for a movement like this.


Barbell Step-Up


Barbell Step-Up is another quality single-leg movement that can be used as a Front Squat alternative. Dumbbells can also be used too if you don’t have a barbell available to you.

Pro Tip: You can adjust the emphasis of Step-Ups by adjusting the height of the box. A taller box will target the hamstrings and glutes more while a shorter box will focus more on the quads.

Equipment Needed

  • Squat Rack
  • Barbell
  • A very stable surface to step up to. (Ideally, a box or bench that is stable, heavy, and well balanced)

Step-by-Step Instructions

  • Set up the barbell at the height you would normally use for back squatting.
  • Use the high bar back squat position for this exercise.
  • Use a box height that is going to allow your hip and knee flexion to be as similar as possible to your stride while sprinting or bounding.
  • Unrack the weight, place one foot on the box, and drive the other leg’s knee up.
  • The leg drive should be fast and explosive. (Quick note: keep the up leg’s foot pulled up toward the shin).
  • Engage the glutes and pause for a brief second at the top of the movement.
  • Carefully lower the leg back down and prepare for the next repetition.

Coaching Points

A stable box cannot be overstated here. If the box is not stable, do not do Barbell Step-ups.


Dumbbell Lunge


DB Lunges

Lunges and all of the their variations – walking lunges, reverse lunges, lateral lunges – are always a quality replacement for any lower body exercise, including barbell Front Squat.

Equipment Needed

  • Dumbbells

Instructions

  • Grab two dumbbells, one in each hand
  • Squeeze the shoulder blades and engage the lats to create a stable back to help with bracing the upper body
  • Once you’ve created enough room for yourself from the dumbbell rack (or wherever you pulled them from) you can begin the movement.
  • Step forward with one leg, giving yourself enough room to be able to drop into a lunge comfortably without feeling overextended.
  • Keep the chest as upright as possible and drop the back knee to roughly one inch from the floor.
  • Now drive through the heel and midfoot of the front foot to drive yourself back up tall.
  • Repeat on the opposite leg and alternate back and forth until all reps have been completed.

Coaching Points (Fixes to Common Mistakes)

When you step out for Dumbbell Lunges, make sure to keep the feet shoulder-width apart. If you’re feeling very off-balance in your lunge there is a good chance that you are stepping the lead foot directly in front of the back foot (essentially placing yourself on a tight rope).


Bulgarian Split Squats


The final single-leg exercise on this list of Front Squat alternatives is Bulgarian Split Squats. Bulgarian Split Squats also have the added value of challenging your balance and stability and can help improve your overall coordination.

Equipment Needed

  • Dumbbells or Kettlebell
  • Bench, Box or Stack of Bumper Plates (essentially anything stable enough and tall enough to place your foot on)

Instructions

  • Grab two dumbbells, one in each hand
  • Get set up in front of your bench, reach one foot back and place it on the bench. Make sure you feel comfortable and balanced before proceeding.
  • Squeeze the shoulder blades and engage the lats to create a stable back to help with bracing the upper body and to keep the dumbbells from swinging unnecessarily.
  • Keep the chest as upright as possible and drop the back knee to roughly one inch from the floor.
  • Now drive through the heel and midfoot of the front foot to drive yourself back up tall.
  • Repeat until all reps are completed on that leg and then switch sides.

Coaching Points (Fixes to Common Mistakes)

When you step out, make sure to keep the feet shoulder-width apart. If you’re feeling very off-balance in your set up there is a good chance that you are placing the lead foot directly in front of the back foot (essentially placing yourself on a tight rope).

Keep the front foot flat on the floor when in the lunge position. One of the most common mistakes is raising up onto the ball of the front foot. 

Make sure to take a big enough step. Often times I see athletes give themselves way too little distance from the bench. This leads to lunge being extremely cramped and can lead to a whole host of other issues (like coming up on the ball of the foot as mentioned above).


Goblet Squat


Goblet Squat

Goblet Squat is an exercise that is very similar to Front Squats but is much more beginner-friendly. You don’t need to learn a front rack position with a barbell. You can simply hold a kettlebell or dumbbell. You can also use as light of a weight as needed. 

This combination of factors makes Goblet Squats a great Front Squat alternative for teaching the proper setup and movement.

Equipment Needed

  • Kettlebell (Dumbbell can be used as well)

Step-by-Step Instructions

  • Grab a kettlebell and hold it at chest level, cradling the bottom of the bell in both hands*.
  • Stand with feet shoulder-width apart, chest out, lats engaged, eyes straight ahead.
  • Before descending into the squat, fill the abdomen full of air and brace the core.
  • Start the start by pushing the hips back first.
  • Bend the hips and knees, keeping the chest up and knees pushed out until the thighs become parallel to the floor.
  • Now push the feet through the floor and drive yourself back up to the starting position.
  • Repeat for the designated number of reps.

Coaching Points

*It’s also acceptable to hold the kettlebell on each side of the handle (as shown in the image above).

As with any squat, the most important aspect of Goblet Squats is to keep the core braced to protect the spine and to maintain proper posture – chest out and lats engaged.


Wall Sit


Wall Sit (1)

A Front Squat alternative that doesn’t require any equipment at all (outside of a sturdy wall) is the Wall Sit. The Wall Sit is an isometric exercise that is great as a finisher at the end of a workout or as part of a competition.

Equipment Needed

  • A Wall (any object that is tall enough, flat enough and sturdy enough to hold you can also work)

Step-by-Step Instructions

  • Find a good, sturdy wall that will be able to safely support your body weight
  • Lean back against the wall and place your back flat against the wall.
  • Walk your feet out and plant your feet firmly into the ground, shoulder width apart, a few feet from the wall (how far exactly will depend on limb length)
  • Slide down the wall until your thighs are parallel to the floor.
  • Shin angle should now be vertical, ankles just below the knees.
  • If you need to quickly reset to adjust the distance your feet are from the wall, do that now.
  • Once you are in the sitting position, hold that position for the designated amount of time (or as long as possible)
  • Keep hands off legs throughout the sit. They can be held in front or placed on the sides.

Coaching Points

The biggest mistakes I see with athletes when doing Wall Sits all come from the setup. The thighs should be parallel to the floor with the ankles directly below the knees.

Having the hips too high or the feet too far in front of the knees will take strain off of the quads. Athletes inherently know this because these are two of the best ways to try to ‘cheat’ if it’s a competition. (If you ain’t cheatin’ you ain’t tryin’, right?)


Tire Flip


Tire Flips

Tire Flips are an ‘outside-the-box’ exercise that can add some variety to your lower body workouts. Admittedly closer to a Deadlift than a Front Squat, Tire Flips still do a great job at developing lower body strength.

Equipment Needed

  • Tire

How To

  • Make sure you have plenty of space to be able to safely flip the tire.
  • Start with the tire laying on the ground on its side.
  • Stand with toes almost against the tire, feet roughly shoulder-width apart.
  • Drop the hips and reach under the tire.
  • Once you have a good grip under the tire flatten your back and brace your core.
  • Drive the feet through the ground and aggressively begin to extend the hips.
  • If the tire is heavy, you can slide one knee under the tire to help with leverage once the tire is high enough.
  • When the tire gets above stomach height, flip your hands around so you can begin to push the tire.
  • Push the tire forcefully forward – extending with both your arms and legs.
  • The tire should land on its side. Repeat for the designated amount of distance or reps.

Coaching Points

The biggest key to Tire Flips is perhaps in finding the right tire.

Every school I’ve ever worked at had big tires that were used for Tire Flips. However, the size and weight of these tires have all been drastically different. They’ve ranged from tires that were barely heavy enough to be worth using to tires that took two and sometimes even three football players to flip.

Just like with Deadlifts and Power Clean, it’s extremely important to drop the hips, use the legs and keep the back flat. Once fatigue starts to set in I generally see athletes resort to using more back than legs. If form reaches this point then it’s time to stop flipping the tire.


Prowler Push


Prowler Sled

Another ‘outside-the-box’ Front Squat alternative is Prowler Pushes.

Pro Tip: Use lighter weight to move faster and emphasize conditioning or heavier weight and a slower tempo that will emphasize strength.

Equipment Needed

  • Prowler sled
  • Bumper or iron plates
  • At least a 20-yard stretch of turf
  • Proper footwear. Shoes with a good grip or cleats (if turf is available) are ideal.

Step-By-Step Instruction

  • Set your prowler in an area where you can push it at least 20 yards without hitting anything.
  • Load the prowler with weight.
  • Get behind the prowler and grab the high handle position.
  • Hinge at the waist, bend the knees and extend your arms.
  • Drive your legs and push the sled forward.

Coaching Points

The Prowler Push is a full body movement. Keep the core tight, nice neutral spine, and keep those arms extended (Arms can be bent when focusing on heavier loads).

Focus on a strong knee drive and pushing through your feet to keep the prowler moving. Your body angle will be very similar to how you start a sprint. So the lower body action should be very similar to running.

Final Thoughts

Front Squats are an amazing exercise for developing both size and lower body strength. However, some situations may have you looking for an alternative for Front Squats.

Hopefully, at least one of these alternate exercises that I’ve listed here for you can work as a replacement for Front Squats in your strength training program.

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